- The pomegranate (Punica
granatum) is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree growing to
5–8 m tall.
- The name
"pomegranate" derives from Latin pomum ("apple") and granatus
- Pomegranate extract
is primarily composed of alkaloids and polyphenols.
- The pomegranate is
equal to the apple in having a long storage life.
- The bark of the
pomegranate tree is light brown with red buds and young shoots.
It is a small deciduous tree attaining 2 to 6 m in
height having oblong or ovate leaves with a shining surface.
- The pomegranate
originated from Persia and has been cultivated in Georgia, Armenia and
the Mediterranean region for several millennia.
- The pomegranate
thrives on calcareous, alkaline soil and on deep, acidic loam and a wide
range of soils in between these extremes.
The most important work in
commercial cultivation of pomegranate is plant protection mainly against
Pomegranates are used for
decorative purposes. Therefore the most important criteria for beginning
of harvesting is the external appearance, mainly the colour but also the
"fullness" of the fruit.
- Pomegranate aril
juice provides about 16% of an adult's daily vitamin C requirement per
100 ml serving, and is a good source of vitamin B5.
- Pomegranate extracts
potential use as a chemo-preventive agent.
- Additional phenolic
compounds found in pomegranate known as anthocynadins (also well known
scavengers of free radicals) combine synergistically with Ellagic acid
to greatly augment pomegranate's potency as an antioxidant.
- Pomegranate juice is
a mild astringent, used to treat diarrhoea, and reduces some fevers.
- The pomegranate juice
is used for the production of grenadine.
- Pomegranates are
available in the market at Rs 50-Rs 60 per kg.
- The total area under
pomegranate is 1,20,000 hectare, out of which 90,000 hectares is in
- India contributes
around 70 per cent to the world pomegranate market.
There are very good opportunities for investment, to
satisfy a growing world market demand, and to develop competitive a
profitable and sustainable Pomegranates business.
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