Gambier                                                                              General, Extraction, Growth and Distribution, Company Profiles, Market, Consultants                                            Primary Information Services                                                   Home. Ordering Information. Contact

Information @ a Glance

General Information

  • Uncaria is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae, native to Asia, Africa, and South America. They are known colloquially as Gambier, Cat's Claw or Uņa de Gato.

  • Gambier (U. gambir) is a large tropical vine with typical leaves.The leaves are oval or oblong in shape measuring 8 to 14 cm. in length with 4 to 5 pairs of nerves.

  • The flower heads measure around 2.5 cm in length and are separated across by 3 to 4.5 cm. The flowers are slender with white coloured lobes and a red coloured corolla.


  • Traditional gambier is prepared by boiling the young leaves, pressing them to extract juice, making the juice into a concentrated form and drying it. There are different ways of moulding the final produce, in a block, cube or cake form. Different ways of boiling parts of the gambier plant result in different products of a varying taste.

  • Besides catechol tannins, which predominate, GAMBIER also contains sugars, salts, waxes, oils and even mineral substances.


  • Gambir is "usually in cubical or rectangular pieces from 20 to 30 mm. in diameter; externally pale grayish-brown to reddish-brown, more or less dull and porous; friable; internally of a light brown or dull earthy color; inodorous; taste bitterish and very astringent.

  • Gambir is light and porous, so that it floats when thrown in water. It is partially soluble in cold water, and almost wholly so in boiling water, which deposits a portion upon cooling.


  • Gambier is used in Malaysia for chewing with areca and betel, for tanning, and for dyeing.
  • Cat's claw and the Chinese species are used medicinally. The glycosidic compounds have anti-inflammatory properties, while the alkaloids increase the reactivity of lymphocytes, granting higher response to viral infection.
  • Gambier is widely used for Leather Tanning, as Eco friendly dyes and as Mouth Freshener.

Entrepreneur who want the informations on General, Extraction Process, Company Profiles, Products, Applications, Market, Consultants, Suppliers, Buyers, Technology and Guides can E-Mail us to,

Primary Information Services
 21 Murugappan St, SwamyNagar Ext2, 
Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 Phone: 91 44 22421080 
Email :,
Mobile numbers:9940043898, 9444008898  Fax : 91 44 22423753