- A filling station, fueling station, gas station, service station or petrol station is a facility which sells fuel and lubricants for motor vehicles. The most common fuels sold are gasoline (petrol) or diesel fuel.
- Some stations carry specialty fuels, such as liquified petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG), hydrogen, biodiesel, ethanol, or kerosene. In recent times, filling stations have also begun to sell butane and have added shops to their primary business; convenience stores are now a familiar sight alongside pumps.
- In small towns and rural areas, gas stations sometimes allow customers to pump gas first and pay afterwards. Due to the higher incidence of crime in large urban areas (especially drive-offs), customers must generally pay before pumping fuel. Modern gas stations have pay-at- the-pump capabilities — in most cases credit, debit, ATM cards and fuel cards are accepted. At some stations, cash is also taken at the pump, although customers must collect their change at a cashier window which is often bullet-proof. Occasionally a station will have a pay-at-the-pump-only period per day, when attendants are not present, often at night, and some stations are pay-at-the-pump-only 24 hours a day.
- Impacted by market competition and the limited profits in the industry, the number of gas stations in China will decline steadily, which is attributable to the following three reasons. Firstly, the domestic pricing mechanism for refined oil products has been gradually consummated, and the profit margin of gas station industry keeps decreasing year by year. Compared with the Ninth Five-Year Plan period, the retail gross profit margin of gas stations decreased approximately by 45%-60% during the Tenth Five-Year Plan period. Secondly, there will be an increasing number of competition entities.
- Nationwide, the profit margin on a gallon of gasoline has widened since the start of the year and now is 20.7 cents a gallon. Gasoline futures have fallen 30 cents, or 17 percent since Jan. 30, while average pump prices have declined just 7 cents, or 3 percent, over the same period. Nationwide, the average retail cost of regular unleaded is $2.28 a gallon, according to the Department of Energy.
- Some countries have only one brand of petrol station. In Mexico, where the oil industry is state-owned and prices are regulated, the country's main operator of petrol stations is called Pemex. In Malaysia, Shell is the dominant player by number of stations with government owned Petronas coming in second; the operator is also moving overseas with the aim of becoming a multinational brand. Most multinational brands such as ExxonMobil and Shell use their brand worldwide, except Chevron which uses its inherited brand Caltex in Asia Pacific, Australia, and Africa, and its Texaco brand in Europe and Latin America. In Brazil, the main operator is Petrobras but Esso, Ipiranga, Texaco and Shell are also big. In Britain many companies supply petrol, the most major being BP and Shell, plus several supermarket filling stations such as ASDA and Tesco. Indian Oil operates approx 15000 Petrol Stations in India.
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