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- A white, crystalline
salt with chemical formula NaI and used in the field of radiation
detection, therapy of iodine deficiency &
in the Finkelstein reaction as a reactant.
- It is
obtained as a product between reaction of iodine and sodium hydroxide.
- In polymerase chain reactions,
NaI helpful in conversion of an alkyl chloride into an alkyl iodide. This
relies on the insolubility of sodium chloride in acetone to generate the
- The principle of
Scintillation detector is the use of a
special material which scintillates when radiation
interacts with it. The most common type
of material is a type of salt called sodium-iodide.
Sodium iodide is a salt consisting of
molecules in which it contains one atom of
sodium and one of iodine.
obtain easily from its
elemental components and the reaction emits a lot of energy in
the form of heat. The compound is water soluble.
- NaI, as well
as potassium iodide, is used to treat and prevent iodine
deficiency. Iodized table salt ingredients as one part sodium or potassium
iodide to 100,000 parts of sodium chloride.
- Sodium iodide
activated with thallium, NaI(Tl), when undergoes ionizing radiation,
emits photons (i.e., scintillate) and this feature of compound used
in scintillation detectors, nuclear medicine, geophysics, nuclear physics,
& environmental measurements.
- NaI(Tl) is the most
commonly available scintillation material and has the highest light yield
of the commonly used scintillators.
- The radioactive iodide
salt of sodium, Na131I, is mainly for the treatment of thyroid cancer and hyper-thyroidism.
- Sodium iodide I 131 is
one of the product of NaI to treat an overactive thyroid gland and kinds of
thyroid cancer. It is taken up mainly by the thyroid gland.
- Most Probably Potassium and sodium
Iodide are used in photography and as analytical reagents.
a salt , its useful in the measurement of the energy of gamma rays
and the amplitude
of pulses of light generated by electrons which are excited by the
gamma rays. They are used as nutrition supplements to prevent goitre
and other iodine deficiency in human body.
- NaI plays a role in
organic synthesis of various chemicals.
- Of all available
Scintillators, NaI is the mostly utilized material. It has
high luminescence efficiency & is available in single crystal or
- The material exhibits
no significant self-absorption of the scintillation light.
- When in the form of
crystal (NaI(Tl)), found application in nuclear medicine, for
environmental monitoring, in nuclear physics, aerial survey, well
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